History on interracial dating
and in default of such payment she shall be taken into the possession of the said Church wardens and disposed of for five years, and the said fine of fifteen pounds, or whatever the woman shall be disposed of for, shall be paid, one third part to their majesties ... Equality of protection under the laws implies not only accessibility by each one, whatever his race, on the same terms with others to the courts of the country for the security of his person and property, but that in the administration of criminal justice he shall not be subjected, for the same offense, to any greater or different punishment ..."The defect in the argument of counsel consists in his assumption that any discrimination is made by the laws of Alabama in the punishment provided for the offense for which the plaintiff in error was indicted when committed by a person of the African race and when committed by a white person ... Supreme Court unanimously rules that laws banning interracial sex violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. Under our Constitution, the freedom to marry, or not marry, a person of another race resides with the individual and cannot be infringed by the State." Following a November 7th ballot referendum, Alabama becomes the last state to officially legalize interracial marriage. Virginia (1967) - but the Alabama State Constitution still contained an unenforceable ban in Section 102: The Alabama State Legislature stubbornly clung to the old language as a symbolic statement of the state's views on interracial marriage; as recently as 1998, House leaders successfully killed attempts to remove Section 102.
Centuries before the same-sex marriage movement, the U. government, its constituent states, and their colonial predecessors tackled the controversial issue of "miscegenation": race-mixing. As Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote for the Court:"There is patently no legitimate overriding purpose independent of invidious racial discrimination which justifies this classification.It's widely known that the Deep South banned interracial marriages until 1967, but less widely known that many other states did the same (California until 1948, for example) - or that three brazen attempts were made to ban interracial marriages nationally by amending the U. Constitution."[F]orasmuch as diverse freeborn English women forgetful of their free condition and to the disgrace of our Nation do intermarry with Negro slaves by which also diverse suits may arise touching the [children] of such women and a great damage doth befall the Masters of such Negroes for prevention whereof for deterring such freeborn women from such shameful matches,"Be it further enacted by the authority advice and consent aforesaid that whatsoever freeborn woman shall intermarry with any slave from and after the last day of this present Assembly shall serve the master of such slave during the life of her husband, and that the [children] of such freeborn women so married shall be slaves as their fathers were. Virginia that state bans on interracial marriage violate the Fourteenth Amendment of the U. The fact that Virginia prohibits only interracial marriages involving white persons demonstrates that the racial classifications must stand on their own justification, as measures designed to maintain White Supremacy ..."The freedom to marry has long been recognized as one of the vital personal rights essential to the orderly pursuit of happiness by free men ...